What is EBP?
Evidence-based practice (EBP) was initially defined as the conscientious use of current best evidence in making decisions about patient care. (Sackett, Straus, Richardson, Rosenberg, & Haynes, 2000). This definition has since been broadened to include a life-long problem-solving approach to healthcare delivery that integrates best evidence from high quality studies, the clinician’s expertise and the patient’s preferences and values (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2015).
The EBP process is a method that allows the practitioner to assess research, clinical guidelines, and other information resources based on high quality findings and apply the results to practice. EBP is a shared competency amongst nursing, medicine and health professions such as physical therapy, occupational therapy and social work. EBP has demonstrated an improvement in healthcare quality, patient outcomes, cost reduction ( Melnyk, Gallagher-Ford & Fineout-Overholt, 2017).
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